The 2010s have seen an increase in the proportion of young people in Helsinki who, after finishing their compulsory (i.e. primary) education (typically at the age of 16), take up secondary studies for a qualification after the summer holiday. These last few years, the trend has been levelling out, and according to 2018 Joint Application Procedure data, the proportion who transfer to secondary studies has decreased.
In 2017, of those young people in Helsinki who had finished their compulsory education, 92 per cent transferred to secondary education already in autumn the same year. 4.6 per cent started preparatory education or a tenth year of primary education. Thus, a good 96 per cent of those in Helsinki who had finished their compulsory education went on studying the same year. In Finland as a whole, this proportion was 97 per cent.
Less than four per cent (185) of those having finished their compulsory education did not opt for any further education at all. This was a higher number than the previous year.
More than earlier not taken on
In the Joint Application Procedure for general or vocational secondary education of spring 2018, a place to study was granted to 96 per cent of those under 18-year-old Helsinki residents who had just finished their compulsory education. Of these, 95 per cent accepted the place. Of applicants, 75 per cent had opted, as their first choice, for a place in general secondary studies, and 25 per cent in vocational secondary studies.
The proportion of applicants who were not granted a place or did not accept the place granted grew clearly since the previous year. In 2017, those 159 young people in Helsinki who were not granted a place made up 3.5 per cent of applicants in the Joint Application Procedure that year. In 2018, these figures were 245 young people, i.e. 5.3 per cent. Those who do not receive a place to study through the Joint Application Procedure can apply for one in preparatory education or make supplementary applications to various educations.
87 per cent of 16-18 year olds study for a secondary-level qualification
Of all 16-18 year olds in Helsinki in autumn 2017, 63 per cent studied for a qualification in general secondary education, and 25 per cent in vocational secondary training. Participation rates in secondary education among young people in Helsinki have been pretty stable for the last four years, albeit the proportion doing general studies has grown slightly.
Participation in secondary education has increased, especially, among young people with a foreign mother tongue. Whereas in 2010, only half of foreign-mother-tongue 16-18 year olds studied at senior secondary level, in 2017 no less than 69 per cent did. Their proportion has risen both in vocational and general secondary education. This is partly explained by changes in the educational system, but also by the fact that a growing proportion of those young people with a foreign background who finish their compulsory education are second-generation immigrants.
Nuorten koulutus Helsingissä, tilastoja 2018: 23 (young people’s education in Helsinki (in Finnish), Statistics 2018: 23)