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When a child falls ill

It is very common for young children to have colds, coughs and fevers in particular after their first year of life. Ear infections are also very common, and they, together with other illnesses, often cause worry among families with children below school age. As the child grows older and develops, his or her immunity becomes stronger and the amount of time spent sick usually decreases.
The most common illnesses can be treated with the help of home care instructions, but if you worry greatly, you can ask for advice from the telephone health service and health stations, for example. When you need an appointment with a doctor, these should be the primary places you contact.

Parents with an ill child are waiting to see a doctor at the health station.

Telephone health service number (24 h):


09 310 10023


Contact information for health stations

This page contains links to the descriptions of the most common children’s illnesses. The links will redirect you to the website of the Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa (HUS). The ‘When a child falls ill’ website maintained by HUS provides comprehensive information on home care and symptoms that mean that you should take the child to see a doctor, among other things.

A runny or blocked nose

A sore throat

Abdominal pain

Acute laryngitis


Bites and stings


Burns and scalds


Recommended daily fluid intake for children




Ear infections

Eye infections

Febrile convulsions


Food allergies in children

Foreign bodies


Head lice

Neonatal jaundice


Obstructive Bronchitis




Pox diseases

Shortness of breath




Upper airway obstruction in a child. A child can easily aspirate food, sweets or small toys. With the right type of first aid, you can save your child from choking. The Family Support and the Finnish Red Cross videos provide instructions on:

  • how to remove a blockage from a baby’s or a child’s respiratory tract. 

If a baby or a child is not breathing, you will need to administer CPR. The video will show you:

  • how to administer CPR on a baby or child.

First Aid for the choking child or baby


01.11.2018 14:58