Skip to content

Getting the vaccine: to whom and when?

Vaccination for those who have recovered from COVID-19

NB: The instructions below are not valid for people who get the booster dose during the fall. The booster dose for people aged 65 years and older, 18-year-olds and older who belong to risk groups 1 and 2 and 12-year-olds and older with severe immunodeficiency will be offered 31 October. You can get the booster dose with a booked appointment when at least three months have passed since the previous dose or recovery from COVID-19. The appointment booking opened 24 OctoberRead more here.

Everyone over the age of 5 can get vaccinated. 

Vaccinations for each age group

People aged 60 and older

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

Without appointment

Without appointment 6–12 weeks after the first dose

Without appointment 3 months after the second dose
Without appointment, 3 months after the third dose


18–59-year-olds belonging to risk groups

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

Without appointment

Without appointment 6–12 weeks after the first dose

Without appointment 3 months after the second dose
Without appointment, 3 months after the third dose


18–59-year-olds with no underlying illnesses

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

Without appointment
Without appointment 6–12 weeks after the first dose
Without appointment 4 months after the second dose
Not offered


People aged 12 and older suffering from severe immunodeficiency

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

5 vaccine

Without appointment
Without appointment 6–12 weeks after the first dose
Without appointment 2 months after the second dose
Without appointment 3–4 months after the third dose
Without appointment 4–6 months after the fourth dose


12–17-year-olds who belong to risk groups

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

Without appointment
Without appointment 6–12 weeks after the first dose
Without appointment earliest 6 months after second dose
Not offered


12–17-year-olds with no underlying illnesses

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

Without appointment
Without appointment 6–12 weeks after the first dose
Without appointment minimum 6 months after second dose if it is necessary for a specific reason, for example for a vaccination certficate Not offered


5–11-year-olds belonging to risk groups

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

Children aged 5–7 years by appointment tel. 09 310 46300
Children aged 5–7 years by appointment tel. 09 310 46300, 6-12 weeks after first dose
Not offered yet
Not offered

Children in grades 1–5 by appointment only  Children in grades 1–5 by appointment only, 6-12 weeks after first dose  
Not offered yet
Not offered


5–11-year-olds with no underlying illnesses

1 vaccine

2 vaccine

3 vaccine

4 vaccine

Children aged 5–7 years by appointment tel. 09 310 46300
Children aged 5–7 years by appointment tel. 09 310 46300, 6–12 weeks after the first dose
Not offered

Not offered

Children in grades 1–5 by appointment only 
Children in grades 1–5 by appointment only, 6-12 weeks after first dose
Not offered
Not offered


Updated information about the vaccination coverage per area and age group is available on THL’s website: Vaccination coverage (%) per age group in Helsinki (THL)

Third vaccine dose for 12–17-year-olds

A third dose of the coronavirus vaccine is being given to persons age 12 or older who belong to risk groups 1 and 2. The third dose can be given at the earliest 6 months after the second dose.

A third dose may also be given to other people aged 12–17 if it is necessary for special reasons, such as a vaccination certificate. In this case, the third vaccine dose should be given at least six months after the second dose.

Third vaccine dose for people aged 18 to 59 with no underlying illnesses

The third dose of the COVID-19 vaccine is being given to people aged 18 and older. The third dose can be given four months after the second.

Fourth vaccine dose to those aged 18 to 59 who belong to risk groups

The fourth vaccine dose is given to those aged 18 to 59 who belong to risk groups 1 and 2. The fourth dose can be given when at least three months have passed since receiving the third dose.

Fourth vaccine dose to those aged 60 and older

The fourth vaccine dose is given to people aged 60 and older. The fourth dose can be administered when at least three months have passed since receiving the third dose.

Fifth vaccine dose for severely immunocompromised individuals aged 12 and older

Severely immunocompromised individuals who are 12 years and older will receive a fifth dose. The fifth dose can be given 4–6 months after the fourth dose. In immunocompromised individuals, the immune response is severely reduced due to a disease or its treatment. They will be given a fifth dose because the protection vaccination offers them decreases more quickly.

Severely immunocompromised individuals

According to the THL guidelines, this group includes the following diseases and conditions:

  • organ transplant
  • stem cell transplant
  • severe to moderate congenital immunodeficiency
  • immunosuppressive cancer treatment
  • treatment of autoimmune diseases with immunosuppressive biologics or JAK inhibitors
  • dialysis and severe chronic renal failure
  • advanced or untreated HIV
  • other severe immunosuppressive conditions as assessed by a physician.

For a more detailed description of the diseases and conditions included in this group, see this link

The client must prove their severe immunodeficiency at the vaccination point. This can be done by a copy of their medical history or by information extracted from the My Kanta service.

The groups being vaccinated due to severe immunodeficiency are not the same as the high-risk groups 1 and 2 defined in spring 2021.

Vaccination for those who have recovered from COVID-19

First dose

Those aged 18 and older who have recovered from COVID-19 should get the first vaccine dose only after a minimum of 2 months after recovery.

Those under the age of 18 can be vaccinated 4–6 months after recovery.

Second dose

For those aged 60 years or older and in at-risk groups who have recovered from COVID-19, a second dose may be administered a minimum of 3 months after the first dose or recovery (whichever is the latest).

Those aged 18 years who have recovered from COVID-19 get a second dose when at least 4 months have passed since the first dose or the recovery (whichever is the latest).

If a person under the age of 18 has been diagnosed with a laboratory-confirmed coronavirus infection less than 6 weeks after the first dose, a second dose is recommended at the earliest 4 to 6 months after the infection. If there is a gap of more than 6 weeks between the first dose and the infection, the second dose is not necessary for protection.

Third vaccine dose

For a person who has recovered from COVID-19, a third dose may be administered a minimum of 3 months after recovery or the second dose if

  • the person is at least 12 years old and is suffering from severe immunodeficiency
  • the person is at least 18 years old and belongs to risk group 1 or risk group 2
  • the person is at least 60 years old

Other people who have recovered from COVID-19 and have received two doses do not need a third dose to get vaccine protection. However, if necessary, a third dose may be given for travelling or other weighty reasons.

Fourth vaccine dose

We do not administer fourth doses of the vaccine to persons who have received three doses and, in addition, recovered from a coronavirus infection, as having suffered the disease is equivalent to receiving one vaccine dose. Note that the interval between getting vaccinated and suffering a COVID-19 infection must be at least 6 weeks for the infection to be considered as equivalent to a dose of the vaccine.

NB: These instructions are not valid for people who get the booster dose during the fall. The booster dose for people aged 65 years and older, risk groups 1 and 2 and people with severe immunodeficiency will be offered 31 October. You can get the booster dose with a booked appointment when at least three months have passed since the previous dose or recovery from COVID-19. The appointment booking opened 24 OctoberRead more here.

Fifth vaccine dose

A person who has had a coronavirus infection and received four doses does not need a fifth vaccine dose.

Coronavirus vaccinations for those who have had the disease twice

For those who have had COVID-19 twice, both cases are counted as one vaccine dose, when there are more than 3 months between the cases and more than 6 weeks between contracting the disease and the vaccine. For a member of the target group of three vaccine doses, who has had the disease twice, one dose of the vaccine is enough. Two doses of the vaccine will suffice for persons who belong to the target group of the fourth dose of the vaccine and have been infected with corona twice.

More information

Coronavirus information in different languages (Finnish institute for health and welfare)



03.11.2022 13:52