Civil defence refers to all measures taken under emergency conditions to protect persons, property and the environment as well as urgent steps taken to minimize damage and repercussions in case of accidents or imminent threat of accidents. Under normal conditions, civil defence refers to preparedness for the above-mentioned tasks.
Civil defence districts in Helsinki
Helsinki is divided into 8 civil defence districts, 34 civil defence zones and 137 civil defence sub-zones. The division coincides with the general division of the city into districts.
The personnel assigned to civil defence districts, zones and sub-zones are mostly employees of City departments and agencies. They have been trained for their duties under normal conditions.
In emergency situations, Helsinki’s rescue operations and civil defence are directed from the Rescue command centre. The command centre’s duties include alerting the public, protecting people and managing evacuation in the city area.
Civic defence management, international agreements and legislation
The Ministry of the Interior steers civil defence planning with legislation, regulations and emergency preparedness drills organized with the local authorities subordinate to the ministry.
International agreements regarding civil defence have been established in the Geneva Conventions and their supplementary protocols. On the national level, civil defence is regulated by the Rescue Act and the related statute. Civil defence is further governed by the Emergency Powers Act and the State of Defence Act.
The international symbol for civil defence is a blue triangle on an orange background.
History and present day of Civil Defence in Helsinki.