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Instructions for people with respiratory infection symptoms or coronavirus

Contact tracing will be carried out progressively only in housing units for high-risk groups, care homes and health care units. A physician in charge of communicable diseases may decide to place an infected person in isolation or a person exposed to the disease in quarantine if it is necessary to prevent the spread of the disease.

Home care instructions for people with coronavirus

Currently, coronavirus is responsible for the majority of respiratory infections. To prevent the spread of coronavirus and other respiratory infections, it is important that people with symptoms stay at home during their illness and follow the instructions provided.

You can find instructions for self-care of coronavirus at the National Institute for Health and Welfare website.

Do this if your symptoms persist or if you need a professional assessment

  • Make a symptom assessment at
  • Ask for advice from the chatbot on (the chat is live on weekdays 9.00-14.00)

If you are unable to make a symptom assessment, call the Coronavirus Helpline, tel. 09 310 10024 (available Mon-Fri 8.00-16.00).

If you are experiencing more serious symptoms, such as shortness of breath or a deteriorating general condition and are thinking about going to the emergency clinic, call the Medical Helpline, tel. 116 117.

In an emergency (for example, in case of sudden chest pain), call the emergency telephone number 112.

If you have symptoms, stay at home and do not

  • go to work, day care or school,
  • go to shops, restaurants or other public spaces,
  • go to hobbies,
  • use public transport, or
  • invite guests to your home.

You can only have contact with people who live in the same household. If they are healthy, you can try to keep your distance from them as much as possible, for example, by sleeping and eating separately.

People with no symptoms living with you should follow the instructions given below for those exposed.

Risk of thrombosis possible due to coronavirus

A coronavirus infection can lead to an increased risk of a vascular thrombosis. Some patients may benefit from injected blood-thinning medication.

If you only have mild symptoms, there’s usually no need to start the blood-thinning medication.

If you based on the risk factors have a reason to be assessed, please contact the Coronavirus Helpline, tel. 09 310 10024 (Mon-Fri 8.00-16.00). If you are pregnant and have risk factors, please contact your maternity and child health clinic.

More information: Risk of thrombosis due to coronavirus – patient's own assessment (HUS)

How long should I stay at home?

Stay at home until you have no symptoms or until your symptoms have clearly improved. We recommend that you maintain good hand hygiene and avoid any extra contact until about 5 days after your symptoms started.

If necessary, apply for sick leave according to the normal sick leave practices of your workplace.

Does a home test need to be confirmed by a laboratory test?

The positive result of a home test does not usually need to be confirmed by a laboratory test.

The positive result of a home test also does not need to be confirmed, if a person living in the same household already has a coronavirus infection confirmed by a laboratory test.

If you have symptoms and get a negative home test result, you can take another home test after 2–3 days if your symptoms persist.

In which situations should a positive test result be confirmed by a laboratory?

Age 12 and older

You should only get tested for coronavirus if you have symptoms indicating coronavirus infection AND

  • you are at risk for serious coronavirus disease, or
  • are pregnant, or
  • you have not been vaccinated against COVID-19 and you have not had COVID-19, or
  • you are at risk of thrombosis (see the risk factors on the HUS website), or
  • you work in social welfare or health care services directly with clients or patients, or
  • you work in care or disability services, or
  • a health care professional has referred you to get tested.

Children under 12

Children under 12 years of age are tested for COVID-19 if they have even mild symptoms indicating COVID-19, AND

  • the child is at risk for serious coronavirus disease due to illness or medication, or
  • the child lives in the same household or meets regularly with family members or close persons age 16 and older without full vaccine protection*) or with inadequate immunity (resistance) against COVID-19, or
  • if a physician has judged that the child’s symptoms require a test.

(*has received two doses of the coronavirus vaccine or has recovered from the coronavirus infection and received one dose of the vaccine)

Book an appointment for coronavirus testing by making a symptom assessment at

If you are unable to make a symptom assessment, call the Coronavirus Helpline, tel. 09 310 10024 (available Mon-Fri 8.00-16.00).

Who should I inform of my illness?

Inform people who you have had contact with and may have exposed to the virus during your symptoms and for  2 days before the symptoms started. Ask them to avoid unnecessary contact for about five days, to wear a face mask when in the presence of others, and to maintain good hand hygiene.

What should those who have been exposed do?

If you live with the infected person or have been in close contact with them

  • Avoid any extra contact until 5 days after the symptoms started. If several family members become ill, the five days is counted from the beginning of the symptoms of the last person to fall ill.
  • Wear a face mask outside the home.
  • If you have no symptoms at all, you can go to work wearing a mask. Work remotely, if possible.
  • A child with no symptoms can go to school or day care.

If you have symptoms, stay at home and follow the instructions above.

More information

Coronavirus FAQ
Latest news on Coronavirus
Coronavirus information in different languages

17.01.2023 09:36