NATURE PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT
The Central Park contains approximately 700 hectares of forest areas. The forests are predominantly old-growth forests with most stands dominated by spruce, but deciduous trees, particularly aspen, are common in Maunula and Haltiala.
Special natural features
- Groves along the Vantaanjoki River
- Haltiala primeval forest
- Stands of aspen and larch in Haltiala
- Ash and hazel groves in Maunula
- Abundant display of wood anemone in spring in different parts of the Central Park
- Forests edging open areas
Nature protection areas
- Pitkäkoski hillside grove: hillside grove shaded by sturdy spruce
trees along the bed of the Vantaanjoki River
primeval forest area: old, mainly spruce forest enjoyed by,
among others, woodpeckers
- Niskala arboretum: arboretum with a few dozens of different
wood species as well as subspecies and varieties
grove area: riverside grove near rapids and shrub meadows along
the quiet waters of the Vantaanjoki River
- Other esteemed
nature destinations include, among others, the Maunula hazel
groves (protected nature type as per the Nature Conservation
Act) and protected natural monuments (fluttering elm group at
Ruutinkoski and Kuninkaantammi at Pitkäkoski)
Helsinki Nature Information System
The Central Park is being continuously developed as a forested recreational area that provides city dwellers with daily opportunities for outdoor exercise and enhances their appreciation of the natural environment. The forests in the park are managed to preserve biodiversity in the face of environmental stress and intensive recreational use.
Helsinki’s forests are maintained to preserve many ecological – natural, landscape and recreational – values. For example, the nesting places of birds and mammals are left undisturbed during logging. The city has a set of clearly defined and diverse management objectives, including the conservation of biodiversity in forests.
The Central Park is taken care of according to a long-term nature management plan, jointly prepared by the authorities and local residents, that takes into consideration landscape and environmental values, recreational use, and wishes of the park’s users.
A new nature management plan is in the making. The Environment
Centre prepares the management and use plans for nature
conservation areas. The areas are cared for by the Public Works
Restoration of the Haltiala wilderness
The purpose of the restoration of the Haltiala wilderness is to
restore the natural species composition in the forest, the
natural structure of the environment as well as nature’s own
development. The aim is to diversify the age distribution of
trees so that the forest has trees of all ages, including very
old specimens. They are an important source of protection and
nutrition for many species. The aim is also to add wood species,
especially broad-leaved trees. In addition, efforts are made to
restore the natural water balance by damming trenches. This also
enables the thickening of the peat moss layer.